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Pipe Shapes


Discovering Different Shapes of Pipes

Pipes come in vast array of shapes and sizes. From Classic English Shapes, to the more Free Formed Danish Shapes. It can be a minefield when starting out, so many shape names, which are often subjective and often cause augments with makers and smokers alike.

In this article we will focus on more traditional English shapes, as these are the most commonly smoked world wide.

Many pipe makers and smokers disagree on the names of some pipes, these usually involve the Bulldog & Rhodesian shapes. For the purpose of this article i will use the same names that Dunhill and many UK makers use.

Shape Guides

Dunhill | Savienlli 1 & 2 | Comoys 

Common pipe shapes


This is the most common shape of a straight pipe. A Billiard has straight stem and straight bowl, set at a 90 degree angle. The shank the usually the same length as the bowl height. Almost every pipe maker has their own Billiard and many other shapes are a derivative of this. 

Apple Shape


Another common shape for straight pipes. With a more rounded "Apple" like bowl, but shaped much like the Billiard, the stem is again the same as the bowl height and the mouthpiece is often tapered.

Bent ShapeBent (Billiard)

Bent pipes are classed by the severity of the bend; 1/4 Bent, 1/2 Bent etc. The bend in the stem/mouthpiece makes the pipe more comfortable to hang and smoke hands free. A slight drawback to this design is moisture (saliva) can run down the stem into the base of the bowl. The Peterson System and other innovations have tried and succeeded to overcome this issue over the years (more Bent shape variations at the end of this page).

Bulldog ShapeBulldog

A Bulldog shape is defined by the Square shank and tapered rim to the bowl. Bulldog pipes also come in bent and curved variations (not to be confused with the Rhodesian shapes).

Dublin ShapeDublin

Very closely related to the Billiard, but with a tapered bowl (wider at the brim). The bowl is also tilted slightly away from stem. The stem remains straight (curved Dublins are known as a Zulu).

Pot ShapePot

Another variation on the classic Billiard, making use of a shorter, often wider bowl. The Pot shape allows for a shorter smoke, ideal if you dont have time for a full 30/45 minute smoke.  

Prince ShapePrince

Named after the former Prince of Wales (King Edward VII), this elegant shape features from a longer and more slender mouthpiece, with a short and squat bowl and a slight curve. The result is a light and well balanced pipe. 

Bent Rhodesian ShapeBent Rhodesian

Compared to the Bulldog Shape a Rhodesian features a round shank, and often a shorter tapered round rim. The Bent Rhodesian has a half bent stem/mouthpiece that makes for a balanced smoke when using hands free. 

Canadian ShapeCanadian

Like its brother the Liverpool, a Canadian pipe has a longer oval stem with a short and tapered mouthpiece. These often 6" long pipes offer a cool smoke and are suited more to those who like to hold their pipe when smoking. You can leave these to hang from your mouth, but the length really amplifies the weight of the bowl.

Liverpool ShapeLiverpool

This long pipe differs from the above Canadian, by having a round stem. A Liverpool is often considered to be like a Billiard with a much longer stem. These pipes are not as popular as the Billiard, or even its cousin the Lovat. Liverpool (and Canadian) smokers are often tall and find other pipes look too small for them.

Lovat ShapeLovat

 The Lovat is another member of the Billiard family with the overall proportions being much the same, and is closely tied with the Liverpool shape. The Lovat has a slightly longer shank than the Billiard and uses a small Saddle mouthpiece.

Chimney Pipe ShapeChimney

Another cousin of the classic Billiard shape, with a taller and often thinner bowl. With a narrow bowl, the smoke is cooler and very well suited for Gold Virginia flakes. The tobacco burns slower and its easy to build up a good ash, keeping the tobacco smoother/cooler.

Straight Rhodesian Pipe ShapeStraight Rhodesian

Like its bent counterpart, the Rhodesian differs from a Bulldog. The shank is round, compared to the square shank found on the Bulldog. The top the of the bowl differs as well, with a more rounded and smaller tapered rim.

Poker Pipe ShapePoker

A shape that has always a cult following, the basic and almost engineered shape appeals to many. The Poker shape is two cylinders at 90 degree angles to each other, the larger for the bowl and the thinner for the shank. The shape is now made by many American Pipe makers, some are famous for them.

Cherrywood Pipe ShapeCherrywood

Not to be confused with the wood, the Cherrywood is based on the Poker. With an angled base and a curve in the stem a cherrywood is much better balanced and suited for hands free smoking.

Zulu Pipe ShapeZulu

The Zulu is a little more than a curved Dublin, the bowl is angled a little more, while being set off beautifully by the curved mouthpiece. A well balanced pipe that can be smoked hands free or like a straight pipe.

Square Panel Pipe ShapePanel Billiard

Yet another variation on the billiard, this time with straight side to the bowl. The most common Panel Billiard has 4 straight sides, but hexagonal and other shapes exist but rarely in regualr production. Some artisan makers carve patterns within the panels to produce some spectacular pieces.

Hungerian & Oom Paul Pipe Shape

Hungarian & Oom Paul

In essence these are full bent Apple(Hungarian) or Billiard(Oom Paul) pipes. An uncommon pipe in regular production and a very challenging shape to make (many pipe makers wont or cant make these). The best shape for smoking hands free, a little more effort is needed to get a draw though (the angles are very tight).

Diplomat Pipe ShapeDiplomat

A variation of the Prince shape. It differs from the Prince with a thicker, less delicate stem/mouthpeice and a slight tapering on the bowl. The Diplomat benefits from the curved stem, this allows less pull when smoke freely and also less bulky in a jacket pocket.

Brandy Pipe ShapeBrandy

A wide based billiard with a bowl that tapers inwards towards the rim. The shape resembles a Brandy glass and makes for a comfortable grip. The Volcano shape is very similar but with a much wider base.

Cutty Pipe ShapeCutty

Based on the classic Georgian clay pipe shape. The long and slender stem is finished off with a small foot and low angled bowl. This classic shape has been in production for centuries in many materials.

Churchwarden Pipe Shape


A long stemed pipe with a wide array of bowl shapes. Favoured by those who enjoy a very cool smoke, the extra length allows the smoke to cool. Classed as a "Reading" pipe in Germany and many parts of Europe, as the book can be held infront of the pipe.

Calabash Gorde Pipe ShapeCalabash 

The shape is named after the Calabash Gourde(made from Calabash and Meerschaum). This half to full bent pipe is often fitted with a horn or precious metal insert and a lip on the rim of the bowl. 


Vest Pocket Pipe ShapeVest Pocket

A clever little pipe, small and slim with a rotating stem. It can be twisted and put away in a shirt or jacket pocket. The small chamber makes for a quick smoke and the compact design gives it a little protection in your pocket while working.

Bent Variations

Like the "Bent Billiard" above most pipe shapes can come with either a bend in the mouthpiece or a bent stem and mouthpiece. Here are a few examples;

Bent Apple Pipe Shape Bent Dublin Pipe Shape Bent Pot Pipe Shape Bent Brandy Pipe Shape
Bent Apple Bent Dublin Bent Pot  Bent Brandy

Savinell Punto Oro KS Group

This is not a complete list, over 100 shapes and styles are produced world wide. Each country has its own styles and shapes. Many factories release limited edition pipe, often in unique and unusual shape.

To see more of these pipes please have a look around our selection.

Browse our Pipe Selection by shape


Zulu Pipe Shape

Hungerian & Oom Paul Pipe Shape

Bent Rhodesian Shape

Billiard & Apple Curved Bent Bulldog & Rhodesian

Lovat Shape

Churchwarden Pipe Shape

Vest Pocket Pipe Shape

Lovat & Liverpool Churchwarden Freehand & Unusual  

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